Protecting your Intellectual Property Rights

The protection of intellectual property rights is a primordial concern, especially in the field of business format franchising. Business format franchising, to a large extent, involves the use by a person called a franchisee of the intellectual property another called the franchisor, of course, with the consent of the latter. The intellectual property involved in […]

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Lawyers’ Fees: Types of Legal Fee Arrangements

In “shopping” for a lawyer, the first thing the usually comes to mind is how much a lawyer charges. Generally, the professional fees of a lawyer depend on the nature and complexity of the case, the financial capacity of the client, the extent of work required, among other factors. The usual legal fee arrangements are: […]

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Bringing in Foreign Investors in Retail Trade

You have a business idea in mind; a great concept which you think will be very profitable. You have the over-all know-how to accomplish the business, and the will to succeed. You need capital and have been thinking of bringing in foreign investors to the scene. This is a common-place scenario in business nowadays. The […]

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An Entrepreneur’s Guide to Employment Contracts

An employment contract is an essential part of every business. An incomplete or badly drafted employment contract could spell trouble to an employer from both a legal and business perspective. For instance, if an employee learns of certain trade or business secrets of an employer during employment, an unguarded employment contract may mean that when […]

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The Separate Personality of a Corporation

A corporation is defined by the Corporation Code as an artificial being created by operation of law, having the right of succession and the powers, attributes and properties expressly authorized by law or incident to its existence. Consequently, as an artificial being, a corporation has a personality separate and distinct from its stockholders. Hence, the […]

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Dissecting a Franchise Agreement: Part One

If you are interested in franchising, whether as a franchisor or a franchisee, an important document to consider is the franchise agreement. A franchise agreement is usually a voluminous document. Of course, it is not the intention of the franchisor to confuse the franchisee. It is lengthy because it specifies in detail what the respective […]

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Dissecting a Franchise Agreement: Part Two

The first part of “Dissecting a Franchise Agreement” dwelled on the subject matter of the franchise agreement, namely, the business format being franchised. Since a franchise agreement is usually a lengthy document, it is best that the agreement be broken down into its basic elements, to allow prospective franchisors and franchisees to understand its bare […]

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Dissecting a Franchise Agreement: Part Three

The last element of any contract, which is necessarily present in a Franchise Agreement, is the element of cause or consideration. Our law defines cause or consideration as the prestation or promise of a thing or service by the other. In a Franchise Agreement, the cause or consideration involves the “why?” in the agreement. Why […]

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Dissecting a Franchise Agreement: Part Four

We have dissected the Franchise Agreement down to its most basic elements, namely: consent, subject matter, and cause or consideration. The first two parts of ‘Dissecting a Franchise Agreement’ discussed the two essential elements of a valid Franchise Agreement, namely, consent and subject matter. Part three focused on the cause or consideration which impels a […]

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Philippine Labor Law: Types of Employees

In any business venture, there are two resources which must be considered: capital and labor. Every businessman knows the saying “to make money, you have to spend money.” Every business entails a bit of risk-taking. The ability and the willingness to take certain calculated risks are almost always essential for every business venture to succeed. […]

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Our Legal Advice page is composed of many articles, FAQs, guides and advice on Philippine Law. These cover civil law, commercial and corporate law, criminal law, intellectual property law (trademark, copyright, patent, PCT and others), family law, inheritance and succession, competition and antitrust law, data privacy, local and international taxation, and many others. 

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