Philippine Legal Advice

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search and seizure under PCA

Dawn Raids? No problem. The Rule on Administrative Search and Inspection under the Philippine Competition Act

The Philippine Competition Act (“PCA”) prohibits certain anticompetitive conduct. The Philippine Competition Commission (“PCC”) is tasked with the enforcement of the law. To successfully prosecute violators of the PCA, the PCC, under the the Philippine Supreme Court issued A.M. 19-08-06-SC, is empowered to conduct dawn raids, and apply for an inspection order before the Special Commercial Court of the place to be inspected is located.

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Who let the Dogs Out? What to do When your Dog Bites a Person

Under Republic Act No. 9482, otherwise known as the Anti-Rabies Act of 2007, the pet owner has responsibilities when his pet dog bites another. He must assist the Dog bite victim immediately and shoulder the medical expenses incurred and other incidental expenses relative to the victim’s injuries

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A Law that Can Protect Bloggers?

Approved by President Rodrigo R. Duterte on August 30, 2019, Republic Act No. 11458 (RA 11458) was passed, expanding the existing protection given to print and traditional media publishers, editors or reporters, and granting the same protection to “duly recognized or accredited journalist, writer, reporter, contributor, opinion writer, editor, columnist, manager, media practitioner involved in the writing, editing, production, and dissemination of news for mass circulation, of any print, broadcast, wire service organization, or electronic mass media, including cable TV and its variants.”

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Community Service as A Penalty for a Felony

Under the Community Service Act, the court may, in its discretion, and lieu of service in jail, require that the penalties of arresto menor and arresto mayor be served by the defendant by rendering community service in the place where the crime was committed, and under such terms as the court shall determine, taking into consideration the gravity of the offence and the circumstances of the case.

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2020 Philippine Holidays

On November 15, 2019, President Duterte passed Proclamation No. 845, which designates the Philippine holidays, specifically regular and special non-working days, for the year 2020.

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A Guide on One Person Corporations in the Philippines

A One Person Corporation (”OPC”) may be formed in the Philippines whereby the OPC is composed of a single stockholder who can only be a natural person, trust or estate. Its term of existence is perpetual but in case of a trust or estate, the term shall be co-terminous with the existence of the trust or estate.

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A Law for Left Handed-Students

Approved by the President on August 22, 2019, Republic Act No. 11394 (RA 11394) makes its obligatory for all schools, both public and private, that makes use of armchairs in the classroom, to provide neutral desks to all students. RA 11394 even defined a neutral desk to mean “a table or an armchair that is suitable for both right-handed and left-handed students.” The law further required that at least ten percent (10%) of the student population be provided with neutral desks.

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An Unregulated Franchising Environment (updated October 2019)

In the Philippines, there is no requirement to register a franchising agreement. A Technology Transfer Arrangement need not be registered with the Intellectual Property Office if it complies with the mandatory provisions and does not contain any of the prohibited clauses. On the other hand, some countries require that the franchise agreement be registered and oftentimes updated annually. Parenthetically, since there is no law specifically addressed at franchising, there is also no government agency charged with regulating the business of franchising in the Philippines. Perhaps, it is about time that Congress enact a law on franchising to protect the legitimate players in such thriving industry.

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Temping in the Judiciary? Judges-at-Large Law Passed

Prompted by the heavily clogged dockets of the courts, the lack of magistrates and the seemingly inadequate number of courts to hear and decide the mounting scores of cases remain in the Philippine Judicial System, the Congress passed Republic Act No. 11459 otherwise known as the Judges-at-Large Act of 2019.

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On Video and Audio Recording using your Mobile Phone

With advancements in mobile technology, the average person can now record a documentary, or even an explosive exposé, merely using one’s mobile phone, with crystal clear picture and sound, that may even impress professionals. However, you must always be careful with who and what you record with your phone. Chances are, if you recorded a […]

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