Making your Contracts “Air Tight”

A contract is the bible to any arrangement. It sets out the obligations of all the parties to a transaction, and determines the extent to which a party may be liable if anything goes wrong. Thus, it should be effective, well-drafted, and “air-tight”. An air-tight contract is one which takes into account all events which […]

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Sole Proprietorship, Corporation or Partnership: Choosing your business enterprise

In doing business, there are various forms of business entities to consider, the most common forms of which are 1) single proprietorships, 2) corporations, and c) partnerships. A single proprietorship is a business operated by a single individual. Registration of single proprietorships would take between 1-2 days, and the documentary requirements of the Department of […]

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Annulment of Marriage in the Philippines

There is no divorce in the Philippines. However, a marriage may be annulled in the Philippines for any of the following causes, existing at the time of the marriage: (1) Either party was eighteen years of age or over but below twenty-one, and the marriage was solemnized without the consent of the parents, UNLESS after […]

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Not all acts constitute crimes. A person who is defending himself, family or property cannot be held criminally liable.  Article 11 of the Revised Penal provides for justifying circumstances whereby the person is said to be acting in accordance with law such as self-defense Art. 11. Justifying circumstances. — The following do not incur any […]

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Battered Woman Syndrome

In criminal and family law, the novel concept of Battered Woman Syndrome (BWS) vis-à-vis self-defense has been a controversial topic. Republic Act No. 9262, otherwise known as the Anti-Violence Against Women and Their Children Act (“VAWC”) puts into law this concept and states: SECTION 26. Battered Woman Syndrome as a Defense. – Victim-survivors who are […]

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How to Form a Partnership in the Philippines

If you are interested in engaging in business or practicing your profession with some colleagues, a partnership may be the proper vehicle. The Philippine Civil Code provides for a definition of a partnership as follows: Art. 1767. By the contract of partnership two or more persons bind themselves to contribute money, property, or industry to […]

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Employee Benefits under Philippine Laws

Listed below is a summary of the mandatory benefits and provisions for employees in the Philippines under the Labor Code and special laws: 1. Minimum wage = P537.00 per day (in NCR) as of 22 November 2018 2.  13th month pay (after 1 month of service) = 1/12 of the total basic salary earned by […]

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How to Get a Patent

When through your own efforts or resources, you subsequently develop an invention, new technology or breakthrough, it is important to have it protected. Such intellectual property can be copied or exploited by others if it is not protected. The usual form of protection is to apply for a patent with the Bureau of Patents of […]

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Lifting the Ban of Night Work for Women and Expanding the Rights of Night Workers

Under the old Labor Code, women were prohibited from engaging in night work. As such, Article 130 of the Labor Code provides: Art. 130. Nightwork prohibition. No woman, regardless of age, shall be employed or permitted or suffered to work, with or without compensation: a. In any industrial undertaking or branch thereof between ten o’clock […]

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Sexual Harassment

Republic Act No. 7877, or the Anti-Sexual Harassment Act of 1995 (RA 7877), is the governing law for work, education or training-related sexual harassment. RA 7877 states that “work, education or training-related sexual harassment is committed by an employer, employee, manager, supervisor, agent of the employer, teacher, instructor, professor, coach, trainor, or any other person […]

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Our Legal Advice page is composed of many articles, FAQs, guides and advice on Philippine Law. These cover civil law, commercial and corporate law, criminal law, intellectual property law (trademark, copyright, patent, PCT and others), family law, inheritance and succession, competition and antitrust law, data privacy, local and international taxation, and many others. 

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