The Philippine Competition Law: Regulating Mergers and Acquisitions, Monopolies and Combinations in Restraint of Trade in the Philippines

(updated 06 March 2020) Free trade in the Philippines has been a battle cry of businesses in all nations. With the influx of globalization, new business models have been created, leading to more innovative modes of doing business in the Philippines. On the face of a highly competitive business environment in the Philippines, profitable commercial entities […]

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How to Conduct Due Diligence in the Philippines

           In this diverse society, it is inevitable that at one point in our lives, we will have to conclude or close deals with strangers.  Although in an ideal world, trust should be sufficient, it is difficult, if not outright dangerous, to rely solely on good faith. Whether we are hiring an employee, buying land, […]

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Understanding Property Relations Between Husband and Wife in the Philippines

           “For richer, for poorer, in sickness or in health, to love and to cherish till death do us part.” This is part of the marriage vow being recited during weddings. Being married to someone entails not only sharing one’s life but also one’s property with the other. Hence, it is very important to know […]

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Qualifications for Philippine Elective Office

Qualifications prescribed by law for public elective positions in the Philippines are continuing requirements and must be possessed for the duration of the officer’s active tenure. It is the Philippine Congress which has the power to prescribe additional qualifications and disqualifications. The following is a simple list of the pertinent qualifications required for public elective […]

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Understanding Statutory Leaves of Employees in the Philippines

                As the old saying goes, all work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. Hence, part of improving an employee’s efficiency is to allow him to take a leave from work without sacrificing his income. The Philippine Labor Code and other special laws mandate certain leaves that an employer should extend to an […]

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Limitations on Foreign Investments and Equity in the Philippines

Foreign investments are encouraged by the Philippine government to fuel economic growth.  Based on data culled from the National Statistical Coordination Board (“NSCB”), the total approved foreign investments in the Philippines for the year 2014 amounted to P186.9 Billion Pesos (or roughly US$4 Billion Dollars). According to the NSCB, in 2014, Japan is the largest […]

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Benefits of Getting a Trademark Agent

               If you are interested in filing a trademark application in the Philippines or wish to protect your business brand or trademark, it is quite tempting to undertake the task on your own.  As a businessman, saving on costs is a primary concern.  Consequently, most businessmen fall into the […]

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Maintaining Your Trademark in the Philippines

           The Philippine Intellectual Property Office (“IPO”) does not require proof of use in commerce in the processing of trademark applications.  However, during the life of the trademark, the applicant or registrant must prove that it is using the mark in the Philippines.  Thus, a notarized Declaration of Actual Use (“DAU”) […]

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Trademark Opposition Proceedings in the Philippines

A party may file an opposition to a Philippine trademark within a period of thirty (30) days from the date of publication of the mark in the e-gazette of the Philippine Intellectual Property Office (IPO).  The e-gazette may be viewed at www.ipophil.gov.ph .   The proceedings are initiated by the filing of the verified notice […]

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The Treatment of Medical Malpractice in the Philippines

Proving medical malpractice in the Philippines one of the more difficult civil cases in the Philippines. Medical procedures involve, to a great degree, technical matters, which must be clearly understood first, prior to pursuing a claim that a treatment was attended with malpractice. Moreover, in order to prove the existence of medical malpractice in any […]

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