This article discusses the Philippine Holidays, Special Working and Non-Working Days for the year 2022, as declared under Proclamation No. 1236.
Proclamation No. 1236 Declaring Philippine Holidays, Special Working and Non-Working Days for the year 2022
On 29 October 2021, President Rodrigo Duterte signed Proclamation No. 1236, where the President declared the Regular Holidays and Special Working and Non-Working Days for the Year 2022.
This year adds a new category, from the usual Presidential Proclamations signed in the previous years. The third category, defined as a Special Working Day, declares certain days as working days, compared to the previous years when these were held to be Special Non-Working Days.
Special Working Days
The Special Working Days defined under Proclamation No. 1236, which are no longer holidays, are the following:
02 November 2022, Wednesday – Additional Special non-working day
24 December 2022, Saturday– Christmas Eve (additional Special non-working day)
31 December 2022, Saturday – last day of the year (Special non-working day)
The declaration of these dates as working days is an interruption of decades-long tradition wherein these days, while unpaid holidays, are non-working days and allows the general public more time for the family and festivities.
However, the declaration of these days as working days, which was also made applicable to the current year 2021, was brought about by the pandemic, and the hope that the additional working days will ease the financial burden of affected employees, by allowing for income for work rendered on these days, and will alleviate the plight of employers for more business and economic activities.
Holidays and Special Non-Working Days
On the other hand, the other red letter and special days remain, as follows:
01 January 2022, Saturday– New Year’s Day (regular holiday)
01 February 2022, Tuesday– Chinese New Year (Special non-working day)
25 February 2022, Friday– EDSA People Power Revolution Anniversary (Special non-working day)
09 April 2022, Saturday– Araw ng Kagitingan (regular holiday)
14 April 2022 – Maundy Thursday (regular holiday)
15 April 2022 – Good Friday (regular holiday)
16 April 2022 – Black Saturday (Special non-working day)
01 May 2022, Sunday– Labor Day (regular holiday)
12 June 2022, Sunday– Independence Day (regular holiday)
May 2022 – Eidl Fitr -actual date to be confirmed (regular holiday)
21 August 2022, Sunday – Ninoy Aquino Day (Special non-working day)
29 August 2022, last Monday of August – National Heroes’ Day (regular holiday)
July 2022 – Eidl Adha -actual date to be confirmed (regular holiday)
01 November 2022, Tuesday– All Saints’ Day (Special non-working day)
30 November 2022, Wednesday – Bonifacio Day (regular holiday)
08 December 2022, Thursday– Feast of the Immaculate Conception of Mary (Special non-working day)
25 December 2022, Sunday– Christmas Day (regular holiday)
30 December 2022, Friday– Rizal Day (regular holiday)
The Changes on the Benefits and Premium Pay for 2022 Philippine Holidays, Special Working and Non-Working Days
As mentioned, 2022 presents a great change from the previous years’ Presidential declarations. While there are certain benefits granted to employees for days that are declared as holidays, and days worked on Special Non-Working days, focus is drawn on the Special Working Days.
Special Working Days are, simply stated, regular work days, where the principle of “no work, no pay” applies. Hence, employees are required to report for work during those days declared as Special Working Days. Also, no additional benefit or premium pay is granted for work during those days.
The rules, however, remain the same for holidays and special non-working days. As stated under the Labor Code of the Philippines, for regular holidays, employees are paid based on their daily wage for such day even if they do not come to work. This means that employees are entitled to receive their salary on regular holidays.
If they work on a regular holiday, the employees are entitled to double their daily rate. The daily rate is computed based on a factor rate that the company uses. The factor rate takes into account the total number of days worked by the employee and his or her annual compensation.
For special non-working days, the principle of “no work, no pay” shall also apply. Thus, if the company follows the holiday, the employee is not entitled to receive salary for that special non-working holiday. However, if an employee comes to work on a special non-working day, there must be a premium of 30% added to his daily rate.
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