Philippine Estate Tax

IMPORTANT:  This article is relevant only to those who died before 01 January 2018 since Republic Act No. 10963, otherwise known as the Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion Law (TRAIN Law), amended the Tax Code, including the procedure, tax rates and deductions for estate taxes.  The TRAIN Law became effective on 01 January 2018. […]

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How To Get Business Permits in the Philippines

Before commencing your business in the Philippines, you need to secure a Business permit or Mayor’s permit, as it is commonly called, from your local government where your business is located. Here are some notes on business permits: • Business permits expire on the 31st of December unless the permits are issued on a quarterly […]

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How to Get a Trademark in the Philippines

Trademark applications are filed with the Philippine Intellectual Property Office (IPO). Filipinos or Filipino corporations may directly file their applications with the IPO. However, foreigners or foreign corporations have to appoint a local agent or representative in order to file applications with the IPO. Applying for a trademark is not like getting a business permit […]

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How to Get an Alien Employment Permit in the Philippines

Before a foreigner commences work in the Philippines, he must first secure an Alien Employment Permit (AEP) from the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE). However, not all foreigners are required to do so. The following are exempted from securing an AEP: 1. Members of the diplomatic services and foreign government officials accredited by the […]

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How to Terminate an Employee on the Ground of Retrenchment

The right of management to dismiss workers on the ground of retrenchment to prevent serious losses is governed by Article 283 of the Labor Code. This is one of the authorized causes of termination of employment. However, before one can dismiss employees on the ground of retrenchment, four elements must be proven. Firstly, the losses […]

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How to Apply for Certification as a Barangay Micro Business Enterprise (BMBE)

Any person, natural or juridical, cooperative or association, or business entity or enterprise engaged in production, processing, manufacturing of products or commodities, including agro-processing, trading and services may apply for Certificate of Authority as a BMBE provided that they should have at least a total asset value, including those arising from loans but exclusive of […]

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How To Avail of Leave for Victims under the Anti-Violence against Women Law

Women employees who are victims as defined in Republic Act No. 9262, otherwise knows as the Anti-Violence Against Women and Their Children Law, are entitled to a leave of up to ten (10) days with full pay. The said leave shall be extended when the need arises, as specified in the protection order issued by […]

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How To Terminate An Employee Based on Just Causes

An employee may only be terminated for just causes or for authorized causes under the Labor Code. The following are considered as just causes: 1. Serious misconduct or willful disobedience by the employee of the lawful orders of his employer or representative in connection with his work; 2. Gross and habitual neglect by the employee […]

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How To Place an Employee Under Preventive Suspension Pending Investigation

Suspension of an employee may either be 1) imposed as an administrative penalty for infractions committed or 2) preventive suspension pending investigation of an employee. If we are dealing with the second kind (preventive suspension pending investigation), the following conditions must be met: a. The employer may place the worker concerned under preventive suspension if […]

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How To Avail of Parental Leave for a Solo Parent

Republic Act No. 8972 grants parental leave of seven (7) work days with full pay every year, in addition to leave privileges under existing laws, to solo parents. Parental leave for solo parents is granted to any solo parent or individual who is left alone with the responsibility of parenthood due to: 1. Giving birth […]

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Our Legal Advice page is composed of many articles, FAQs, guides and advice on Philippine Law. These cover civil law, commercial and corporate law, criminal law, intellectual property law (trademark, copyright, patent, PCT and others), family law, inheritance and succession, competition and antitrust law, data privacy, local and international taxation, and many others. 

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